|Top 20 Rankings|
as of 1 December 2008
|2||Template:Country data RSA||89.59|
|7||Template:Country data IRE||78.50|
|8||Template:Country data SCO||76.73|
|9||Template:Country data FIJ||75.88|
|10||Template:Country data WAL||74.17|
|11||Template:Country data ITA||73.48|
|12||Template:Country data SAM||71.61|
|13||Template:Country data TON||71.51|
|14||Template:Country data CAN||67.25|
|15||Template:Country data ROM||66.73|
|16||Template:Country data GEO||66.42|
|17||Template:Country data RUS||65.88|
|18||Template:Country data JPN||65.35|
|19||Template:Country data USA||64.68|
|20||Template:Country data URU||63.18|
The IRB World Rankings is a ranking system for men's national teams in rugby union. The teams of the member nations of IRB (International Rugby Board), governing body, are ranked based on their game results with the most successful teams being ranked highest. A point system is used, with points being awarded based on the results of IRB-recognized international matches. Under the system, rankings are based on a team's performance, with more recent results and more significant matches being more heavily weighted to help reflect the current competitive state of a team. The ranking system was introduced after the 2003 Rugby World Cup, with the first edition of the new series of rankings issued on October 20, 2003.
Uses of the rankingsEdit
The rankings are used by the IRB to rank the progression and current ability of the national rugby union teams of its member nations, but the data is used by IRB for very few things. They are not even used as part of the calculation to seed competitions such as the Rugby World Cup, relying on results of previous world cups to do this.
When the system was introduced, England debuted as the top ranked team following their extended period of dominance in which they had won the 2003 Rugby World Cup. However, a resurgency in the form of New Zealand helped them take the lead from 7 June, 2004. After winning the 2007 Rugby World Cup final, South Africa became only the third team to achieve first place in the rankings.poo
Current calculation methodEdit
All IRB member countries have been given a rating that is in the range of 0 to 100 with the top side in the world achieving a rating of about 90 points. The actual point system is calculated using a 'Points Exchange' system, in which sides receive points from each other based upon the match result. Whatever one side gains, the other loses. The exchanges are based on the match result, the ranking of each team, and the margin of victory. There is also an allowance for home advantage. As the system aims to depict current team strengths, past successes or losses will fade and be superseded by more recent results. Thus, it is thought that it will produce an accurate picture depicting the actual current strength and thus rank of the nations. The rankings are responsive to results and it is possible to climb from the to the top from the bottom (and vice-versa) in less than 20 matches. As all matches are worth a total of 0 points (as whatever one side gains, the other loses) there is no particular advantage to playing more matches. Under the system, a country has a certain rating, which stays the same until they play again. Although matches often result in points exchanges, relatively 'predictable' results lead to
very minor changes, and may result in no change to either side's rating at all.
All blacks on 201562565365 will win the world cup 2234-0
How it works Edit
The system ensures that it is representative of the teams' performance despite playing differing numbers of matches per annum, and the differing strength of opposition that teams have to face. The factors taken into account are as follows:
- Match result
- Match status
- Opposition strength
- Home advantage
For each match played points exchanges are awarded for the following five outcomes and was developed using results of international matches from 1871 to the present day:
- a win or loss by more than 15 points
- a win or loss by up to 15 points
- a draw
Different matches have different importance to teams, and the IRB has tried to respect this by using a weighting system, where the most significant matches are in the World Cup Finals. Thus, points exchanges are doubled during the World Cup Finals to recognise the unique importance of this event. All other full international matches are treated the same, to be as fair as possible to countries playing a different mix of friendly and competitive matches across the world. Matches that do not have full international status between two member countries do not count at all.pssy poo diddle
Obviously, a win against a very highly ranked opponent is a considerably greater achievement than a win against a low-rated opponent, so the strength of the opposing team is a factor. Thus match results are more important than margins of victory in producing accurate rankings. This is because when a highly ranked tier 1 team plays a lowly-ranked tier 3 team and manages to beat them by over 50 points, it does not indicate how either team will perform in the future.
Home advantage Edit
When calculating points exchanges, the home side is handicapped by treating them as though they are three rating points better than their actual current rating. This results in the home side gaining fewer points for winning and losing more points for losing. Because of this, any advantage that a side may have by playing in front of their home crowd is cancelled out.
New and dormant nationsEdit
All new member nations start with a 40 points, which is provisional until they have completed 10 test matches. When countries merge, the new country inherits the highest rating of any of the two countries but when they split, the new countries will inherit a rating at a fixed level below the rating of the original country.
Countries that have not played a test in a couple of years are removed from the ranking system and the list but if they are active again, they will pick up their ratings from where they left off.